One Belt and One Road to Promote Sustainable Growth in All Countrie
Sina Finance News The "China Economic and International Cooperation Annual Meeting and the New 'Bashan Wheel' Meeting•2016" hosted by the International Cooperation Center of the National Development and Reform Commission was held in Beijing from November 26th to 27th. Zheng Lielie, President of Shenzhen Fountain Co., Ltd. and Deputy Director of the Maritime Silk Road Development Research Center of Tsinghua University attended and gave a speech. He said that on the basis of solidarity, mutual trust and win-win cooperation, the strategy of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road can quickly transform the comparative advantages of resource endowments of coastal countries and the structural differences of regional economic development into mutually beneficial sustainable economic growth in coastal countries.
The following is a record of the speech:
Today, most of the forums are talking about policies. As a commercial organization, private enterprise, and domestic listed company, let's talk about the cooperative action in the field of water resources and environmental infrastructure, or business action, at the starting point of the Heis Road in Indonesia.
On the basis of solidarity, mutual trust and win-win cooperation, the strategy of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road can quickly transform the comparative advantages of resource endowments of coastal countries and the structural differences of regional economic development into new and mutually beneficial sustainable economic growth of coastal countries. Let me talk about the actual case here.
First, we compare the resource endowments of the two countries. The annual production of water through precipitation in Indonesia is 3.9 trillion cubic meters, second only to Brazil, Russia, Canada, and the United States, ranking 5th in terms of water resources abundance.
However, regarding the differences in social development, Indonesia has an extremely scarce integrated water resources management infrastructure compared to China. In many areas, there is a frequent shortage of clean water supply, and because of insufficient investment in environmental clean facilities and technologies such as sewage, industrial growth and urban development Leads to a significant risk of groundwater contamination.
Although Indonesia is a country with abundant water, the shortage of water resources has become a huge risk of survival and development. According to statistics, only 39% of Indonesia's urban population can drink clean tap water, which accounts for only 18% of Indonesia's national population.
Indonesia is a country of thousands of islands. The rivers are short-lived, the mountains are steep and steep, and the limestone hills have low water absorption capacity. When the rainy season comes, the floods rush down and are not used. 80% of Indonesia's precipitation is concentrated from November to April. The precipitation time is unevenly distributed. The rivers in the dry season are dry and the drinking water is difficult for people and animals.
Second, let's talk about the cooperation and complementarity between Indonesia and China in water resources management. With a total population of 250 million, Indonesia is one-fifth of China's population; its land area is 1.9 million square kilometers, one-fifth of China's land area. So the population density of the two countries is the same.
Indonesia's social economy is in the early stage of industrialization and urbanization. This is similar to China's 30 years ago, especially in the infrastructure, transportation, hydropower and other public goods hardware, and the shortage of infrastructure has become a huge bottleneck for Indonesia's industrialization. In other words, Indonesia's infrastructure construction investment has great potential.
China, as the country with the most per capita water resources, has a long history of wisdom in water resources utilization and mature experience, such as Dujiangyan and the Grand Canal. China not only forms a systematic concept of watershed management in the basin, but also China. The rapid rise of the complete economic system, the formation of ample production capacity in the traditional equipment manufacturing industry chain, these advantages can meet the strong demand for water resources management infrastructure in Indonesia, can achieve a harmonious cooperation between the two sides in capacity.
Here, when we are doing business in Indonesia, one thing is particularly convincing that China’s economy has grown for 30 years, but our water resources are only one-eighth of Indonesia’s. Indonesia's current water resources are a major bottleneck for its economic growth. China's experience at this point allows Indonesia to learn from it and achieve rapid development on the basis of mutual benefit.
The third top design: China's experience in water management. China's water resources management is at the forefront of the world, with complete water resources technology and equipment, as well as the ability to build water resources infrastructure. Tsinghua University Maritime Silk Road Research Center, as an action-based think tank, sent China's chief water resources scientist to participate in the top-level design of the Indonesian water resources management cooperation project, from the water resources management of the whole basin environment, to the realization of water resources system planning and surface water, Groundwater and other comprehensive management. This is a project to transfer water and water from all over China. The complexity of China's water resources management is much higher than that of Indonesia.
Fourth, there is a very important part in business operations, which is the training of engineering and management personnel. On behalf of Tsinghua University, Tsinghua University has signed a cooperative training agreement with four universities in Indonesia to jointly recruit and train local Indonesian personnel, form guidance and cooperation training at all levels of engineering technology, and form a training mechanism for scientific knowledge of water resources management. The Chinese experience of rapid economic growth for 30 years has comprehensively improved the level of environmental governance and top-level design of Indonesia's water resources. This is a photo of our joint training with the four best universities in Indonesia.
The fifth is to participate in Indonesia's national water resources infrastructure construction projects to improve water management efficiency. The construction of the whole basin water resources management infrastructure includes water storage dams, clean water production plants, water management and laying, etc. In addition to establishing a comprehensive watershed management infrastructure, we also embed energy cascade application technologies into water resources management and utilization. In the system engineering, it provides intelligent services for the surrounding infrastructure and improves the recycling of clean energy.
Finally, let's talk about the case of Bali. Bali is a world tourist destination that everyone is very familiar with and is the island of paradise. But it is facing a serious water crisis, creating huge environmental risks and obstacles to sustainable development. This is the first engineering example of our business activities in Indonesia. Bali and our China's Hainan Province have the same shape and geographical environment. We have designed the overall design. In cooperation with the Chinese Academy of Water Resources and Electric Power, we have an overall assessment of the entire water resources in Bali, and the rational allocation of water resources. Water supply, investment and financing have all been evaluated. Of course, there are many issues that need to be coordinated in this process. This image is that we have cooperation with various ministries in Indonesia.